Taking tax free cash from a pension fund
One of the benefits of having a pension is that you can choose to take a tax free amount (usually 25% of the pot) from age 55 (57 from 6 April 2028). There are four ways of doing this:
1. Take the tax free cash only
When you take the remaining amount it will be taxed as income in the year you take it. This could be taken as drawdown or the fund can be used to purchase an annuity. This is a popular option and is a good way to provide any cash you need. However, the cash you withdraw will no longer get the benefit of tax free investment growth and income.
2. Take your whole pension fund including the tax free cash
Only 25% of the amount withdrawn will be tax free and you will have to pay tax on the rest, this might mean that it is taxed at a higher rate of income tax.
If you take your pension in one go you need to consider whether you have enough money left to provide an income as you grow older. However, if you need the cash and have retirement income from other sources this may work for you. Alternatively you could take the tax free cash and use the balance to purchase an annuity.
3. Take part of the tax free cash
In this example, you access 40% of your pension fund and withdraw 25% of the amount accessed (10% of the total pension). A drawdown fund is created and you can take a taxable income from this at any time.
This could be a good option if you need some cash but not as much as 25% of the whole fund. The amount not withdrawn is left in the pot to benefit from investment growth and income.
4. Take a lump sum including tax free element
Here 25% of the amount you withdraw is tax free and the remaining 75% is subject to income tax. You can take this type of lump sum on a one-off or a regular basis. By taking a pension lump sum and leaving the rest of your pension within the fund, you will still have unused tax free cash to take in the future. This will enable you to spread the tax free benefit over several payments.
You can also mix and match options 3 and 4, taking part of your pot as a lump sum and part as tax free cash plus a drawdown fund.
To find out more about your options, have a read of our guide to accessing your pension and our guide to drawdown. If you decide you're ready to go ahead, log in to your account online and select 'Access my pension' from the 'My account' menu.